A peptide was discovered in the pancreatic islets of STZ-diabetic rats by direct tissue imaging of individual islets using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (Stewart et al., 2011). The peptide is similar in structure to glicentin-related pancreatic polypeptide (GRPP) and has initially been called GRPP-like peptide (GRPP-LP). GRPP-LP was synthesized and the effect of both GRPP and GRPP-LP on insulin secretion were tested in an isolated rat pancreatic perfusion preparation. Both peptides markedly attenuated the secretion of insulin in response to a 20 mM glucose infusion. When considered with results from another similar study showing enhanced glucose-induced insulin secretion with glicentin 12-69, which encompasses the GRPP sequence (Yanaihara et al., 1985), these novel findings raise the possibility of a pancreatic control mechanism involving peptides from glicentin.
Stewart, K.W., Phillips, A.R., Whiting, L., Jullig, M., Middleditch, M.J., and Cooper, G.J. (2011). A simple and rapid method for identifying and semi-quantifying peptide hormones in isolated pancreatic islets by direct-tissue matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 25, 3387-3395.
Yanaihara, C., Matsumoto, T., Hong, Y.M., and Yanaihara, N. (1985). Isolation and chemical characterization of glicentin C-terminal hexapeptide in porcine pancreas. FEBS Letters 189, 50-56.