AuPS Logo Programme
Previous Next PDF

CaMKII inhibition as a novel target for flavonol cardioprotection

L.S. Silva,1 J.R. Bell,2 N.R. Lim,1 Y.Y. Yeap,1 C.J. Thomas,3,4 O.L. Woodman,5 L.M.D. Delbridge,2 C.N. May,4 S.J. Williams6 and D.C.H. Ng,1 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia, 2Department of Physiology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia, 3Department of Human Biosciences, LaTrobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia, 4Florey Neurosciences Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia, 5School of Medical Sciences, Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia and 6Department of Chemistry, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia.

3′,4′-dihydroxyflavonol (DiOHF) is cardioprotective against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury although the molecular mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect is undetermined. The biological activities of flavonols are associated with kinase modulation to alter cell signalling events in addition to anti-oxidant and vasodilatory functions. Previously, we demonstrated that DiOHF inhibited stress-activated protein kinase (JNK, p38) signalling and enhanced the viability of cardiomyocytes challenged with oxidative stress. In order to characterize drug mechanism of action and identify the direct protein targets of DiOHF, we conducted small-molecule affinity purification and protein identification by mass spectrometry and demonstrated Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II delta (CaMKIIδ), the cardiac predominant isoform, as a DiOHF targeted kinase. We confirmed DiOHF inhibition of CaMKII activity in various cultured cardiac cell models and in vivo in perfused hearts. Biochemical characterization with in vitro purified kinase indicated that DiOHF attenuated CaMKII activity in an ATP-competitive manner and a comparison with structurally analogous flavonols revealed the functional groups on DiOHF required for CaMKII inhibitory activity. Furthermore, we found that specific inhibition of CaMKII with KN93, but not KN92, completely attenuated oxidative stress-induced activation of JNK and p38MAPK. Taken together, our studies indicate DiOHF inhibition of CaMKII occurs upstream of stress-activated protein kinases and may be required for the protective effects of DiOHF against stress stimuli and myocardial I/R injury.